Types of Singing Voices
Many beginning vocalists are often interested in the question of what kind of voice they have and what it is called. Today we will try to understand this important and relevant topic and learn how to correctly determine your type of voice. It should be noted that in this article we will talk about the formed voices, since the types of children’s voices are a different story.
Voice definition is very important for a vocalist, because an incorrectly made “diagnosis” can adversely affect the vocal apparatus. Many are often mistaken in the fact that the type of voice is recognized only by what kind of notes you are able to take. In fact, there are several parameters for this, such as timbre, range, transition notes, and more. For example, low by nature voices (bass) ways to reproduce “tenor” notes, but this does not mean at all that such a voice can be attributed to the tenor. In practice, it happens that novice inexperienced vocalists, in the desire to sing high notes, overestimate their abilities. Most often, this is caused by the desire to imitate their idols or the desire to prove to others that “I can sing like this world star.” It is worth remembering that your original vocals will sound much better than forcibly squeezed singing.
Before proceeding directly to the methods of determining the types of voices, I would like to note that there are still difficulties and ambiguities in this matter. Many people have a distorted idea of the types of voices. It is believed that for pop vocal classification of voices is not necessary and is necessary only for academic vocals, but this is not entirely true. There is a separation of voices in the modern stage, but it is built not according to the classical scheme: contralto, mezzo-soprano, soprano and so on, but according to the principle of “very low voice, low, high and very high”. The difference is that in such a classification there are no clear boundaries.
In general, the human voice, both in men and in women, is naturally divided into three types. Many novice vocalists are often confused, confusing the type of voice with timbre, while these are completely different concepts. Under the type of voice, first of all, we mean a sound-pitch characteristic, that is, the position of the voice on the scale of the scale. But the timbre features are rather important for assessing the voice from an artistic point of view and not so important for the classification, which cannot be said about the tessitive endurance inherent in all voices, regardless of the style in which you sing.
Tessitura means the high-altitude position of sounds in a musical work in relation to the range of the singing voice. The main condition for artistic performance, namely freedom of sound, naturalness and beauty, is the conformity of the tessituations of the vocal work and the nature of the singer’s voice.
In order to determine whether this or that piece is suitable for tessitura, you need to pay attention to how high or low the greater the number of notes are in relation to your extreme upper and lower parts of the voice. Simply put, pay attention to how long you have to sing “uncomfortable” notes. If they occur occasionally, then the tessitura suits you, if they meet often and the voice quickly sets, then the tessitura is not suitable for you, in which case it is worth changing the tonality. The comfortable zone of the singing range, in which you can sing for a long time without harm to your voice apparatus, will be your native tessitura.
For many singers, raising or lowering the tessitura even by a tone or a half tone can often be harmful, so mistakes are often made when choosing the type of voice. The presence of many singing two or more upper resonators is confusing in determining the type. In the presence of higher resonators, different from the typical ones, the voice acquires the timbre qualities of a higher voice, unusual for nature. For example, a real contralto in terms of altitude characteristics, but having a second head resonator, may sound like soprano.
In order to determine the type of voice by tessitura, it is necessary to take into account such a thing as a register. For example, a male voice sounds without much tension, when most notes are in la, salt, first octave – it can be both a tenor and baritone. So how do you determine what type it is? It is important not only that these notes were just sung, but also how they sounded. If they were sung on falsetto, then there will be no tension. However, remember that the type of voice in falsetto (in women – in the head register) is not determined. It is quite difficult for beginners to understand all this without a professional vocal teacher, because without understanding the system of sound images, it is difficult to recognize the differences between the registers.
Below are the tables with the types of votes, but it is worth noting that this is just a concise specification. Everywhere there are exceptions to the rules, especially if it concerns vocal issues, which should take into account the anatomical constitution of each person.