What is pop music
Estrada is a type of stage art that implies both a separate genre and a synthesis of genres: singing, dance, original performance, circus art, illusions.
Pop music is a form of entertaining musical art, addressed to the widest audience.
This type of music was most developed in the XX century. It usually includes dance music, various songs, works for pop-symphony orchestras and vocal and instrumental ensembles.
Often, pop music is identified with the existing concept of “light music”, that is, easy to perceive, generally available. In historical terms, classical music that is simple in content and has gained universal popularity can be attributed to light music, for example, the plays by F. Schubert and I. Brahms, F. Lehar and J. Offenbach, the waltzes of I. Strauss and A. K. Glazunov, “Little Night Serenade ”V.A. Mozart.
In this vast, as well as extremely diverse in character and aesthetic level, field of musical creativity, on the one hand, the same expressive means are used as in serious music, on the other – their own, specific ones.
The term “pop orchestra” was proposed by L.O. Utesov in the late 40s, which made it possible to separate two concepts:
the music itself is pop and jazz.
Modern pop music and jazz have a number of common signs: the presence of a constant rhythmic pulsation carried out by the rhythm section; the predominantly dance character of works performed by pop and jazz groups. But if jazz music is characterized by improvisation, a special rhythmic property is swing, and the forms of modern jazz are sometimes quite difficult to perceive, pop music is distinguished by the availability of the musical language, melody and extreme rhythmic simplicity.
One of the most common types of pop instrumental compositions is the pop-symphony orchestra (ESO), or sympho-jazz. In our country, the formation and development of ESO is associated with the names of V. N. Knushevitsky, N. G. Minkh, Yu. V. Silantyev. The repertoire of pop and symphony orchestras is extremely extensive: from original orchestral plays and fantasies on well-known themes to the accompaniment of songs and operettas.
In addition to the indispensable rhythm section and the full brass band (the saxophone and copper groups), the ESO also includes traditional instrument groups of the symphony orchestra – woodwinds, horn and strings (violins, violas, cello). The correlation of groups in the ESO is approaching a symphony orchestra: the string group dominates, which is associated with the predominantly melodic nature of music for the ESO; a large role is played by woodwind instruments; the principle of orchestration itself is very close to that adopted in a symphony orchestra, although the presence of a constantly pulsating rhythm section and the more active role of a copper band (and sometimes saxophones) sometimes resemble the sound of a jazz orchestra. An important coloristic role in the ESO is played by the harp, vibraphone, and timpani.
In our country, ESOs are very popular. Their performances are broadcast on radio and television, they most often perform film music, participate in large pop concerts and festivals. Many Soviet composers write music specifically for the ESO. These are A. Ya. Eshpay, I.V. Yakushenko, V.N. Lyudvikovsky, O.N. Khromushin, R.M. Ledenev, Yu. S. Saulsky, M.M. Kazhlaev, V.E. Ter -letsky, A.S. Mazhukov, V.G. Rubashevsky, A.V. Kalvarsky and others.
Various types of pop songs belong to the genre of pop music: traditional romance, modern lyric song, song in dance rhythms with developed instrumental accompaniment. The main thing that unites numerous types of pop songs is the desire of their authors for the ultimate accessibility, memorability of the melody. The roots of such democracy are in the old romance and in modern urban folklore.
A pop song does not boil down to pure entertainment. So, in Soviet pop songs the themes of citizenship, patriotism, the struggle for peace, etc. are heard. No wonder the songs of I. O. Dunaevsky, V. P. Solovyov-Sedogo, M. I. Blanter, A. N. Pakhmutova, D. F. Tukhmanova and other Soviet composers enjoy love not only in our country, but also far beyond its borders. The song of Solovyov-Sedoy “Moscow Nights” received truly worldwide recognition. In the XX century. successive different types of dance music. So, tango, rumba, foxtrot was replaced by rock and roll, it was replaced by twist and shake, samba and bossa nova rhythms were very popular. Over the years, disco style has been prevalent in pop-dance music. It arose from an alloy of Negro instrumental music with elements of singing and plasticity characteristic of pop singers from Latin America, in particular from the island of Jamaica. Closely connected in Western Europe and the United States with the record industry and practice of discos, disco-style music turned out to be one of the fast-moving directions of pop and dance music of the 2nd half of the 20th century.