Why do you need compression
Of all the processes used in the production of modern music, signal compression is perhaps the most difficult to perceive. This is primarily due to the fact that often the…

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How to treat vocal cords with loss of voice?
The first thing that you should understand for yourself is how, in case of any disease, treatment started on time after a cold will lead to recovery much faster. Therefore,…

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Which track is better. New or good old?
In her famous quote, the great Coco Chanel wanted to say that there are hobbies that capture the minds of society in a wave, but then quickly fade away. But…

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the threshold

Why do I need an arrangement

There are several interpretations of the word “arrangement”. In the Soviet methodology, it meant transferring finished music to another performing staff, for example, from a piano to a four-voice choir, from a vocal duet to a trombone duet with balalaika. When the subject of instrumentation begins at a music school, students begin to get confused – how is the arrangement different from instrumentation. Another interpretation is variation, i.e. approximately the same changes as when composing variations: changes in tempo, rhythm, size, style. At the same time, significant changes are often made to the author’s melody.

The arrangement can go so far that it completely replaces the original music with another one that is not Continue reading

Vocoders: practice and assortment

Vocoder (English voice coder – voice encoder) – a speech synthesis device based on an arbitrary signal with a rich spectrum. Initially, vocoders were developed in order to save the frequency resources of the radio link of a communication system for transmitting voice messages. Savings are achieved due to the fact that instead of the actual speech signal only the values ​​of its certain parameters are transmitted, which on the receiving side control the speech synthesizer. The speech synthesizer is based on three elements: a tone generator for forming vowels, a noise generator for forming consonants, and a system of formant filters to recreate the individual characteristics of the voice. After all the transformations, the human voice becomes like the voice of a robot, which is quite tolerable for communications and interesting for the music industry.

Vocoder as an unusual effect was adopted by electronic musicians and subsequently became a full- Continue reading

Non-linear hearing

For the normal average organ of hearing of a person, there are some limit (threshold) minimum values ​​of the physical parameters of the sound field, at which there is still an auditory sensation. Such a threshold of audibility is the standardized sound intensity I0 = 10 … 12 W / m2 (close to the threshold of audibility at f = 1000 Hz in silence), as well as the corresponding sound pressure p0 = 2 * 10-5 Pa and sound energy density e03 * 10-15 J / m3. The hearing threshold is private dependent. Above the threshold of hearing is the hearing area. In fig. 1 shows a curve of the threshold of audibility. The upper threshold of audibility is also shown there, above which the destruction of the organ of hearing can occur – the pain threshold, which corresponds to pressure pmax = 150 … 200 Pa, which exceeds 107 times p0 = 2 * 10-5 Pa. Continue reading

Frequencies to Remember
Classically, the sound spectrum is divided into three parts: low, medium and high frequencies. The frequency limits, although not everyone agrees with this, can be defined as follows: low from…

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About working with the stave at Cakewalk
In Cakewalk, the Staff instrument is one of the most convenient and important means of creating a melody. For musicians using classical musical notes, guitarists accustomed to the guitar fretboard…

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Sound effects
Let's dwell on the consideration of those manipulations with sound that allow you to achieve the appearance of effects such as, for example, echo, reverb, etc. There are various ways…

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about mastering
Most people are well aware of the process of recording music at a concert or in a studio. You record individual fragments or individual performance on tape. Ultimately, all of…

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