Sound perception
Sound is one of the types of information that a person receives from the outside world in addition to information, in addition to other sensory organs (vision, touch, smell). Since…

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TENOR IS WHAT VOICE?
The voice that nature has endowed with man is capable of transmitting sounds not only in conversation and expression of emotions, but also when singing. The melody of the human…

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About vinyl. About the plates
There are not so many good stories with a happy ending in our lives. One of them is the history of gramophone records, or “vinyl”. It is fundamentally wrong to…

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sounds and words

Why do I need an arrangement

There are several interpretations of the word “arrangement”. In the Soviet methodology, it meant transferring finished music to another performing staff, for example, from a piano to a four-voice choir, from a vocal duet to a trombone duet with balalaika. When the subject of instrumentation begins at a music school, students begin to get confused – how is the arrangement different from instrumentation. Another interpretation is variation, i.e. approximately the same changes as when composing variations: changes in tempo, rhythm, size, style. At the same time, significant changes are often made to the author’s melody.

The arrangement can go so far that it completely replaces the original music with another one that is not Continue reading

Recording History

Today, the main recording methods include:
– mechanical
– magnetic
– optical and magneto-optical sound recording
– solid state flash memory recording

Attempts to create devices that could reproduce sounds were made in ancient Greece. In the IV-II centuries BC e. there were theaters of self-propelled figures – androids. The movements of some of them were accompanied by mechanically extracted sounds folding into melodies. Continue reading

Non-linear hearing

For the normal average organ of hearing of a person, there are some limit (threshold) minimum values ​​of the physical parameters of the sound field, at which there is still an auditory sensation. Such a threshold of audibility is the standardized sound intensity I0 = 10 … 12 W / m2 (close to the threshold of audibility at f = 1000 Hz in silence), as well as the corresponding sound pressure p0 = 2 * 10-5 Pa and sound energy density e03 * 10-15 J / m3. The hearing threshold is private dependent. Above the threshold of hearing is the hearing area. In fig. 1 shows a curve of the threshold of audibility. The upper threshold of audibility is also shown there, above which the destruction of the organ of hearing can occur – the pain threshold, which corresponds to pressure pmax = 150 … 200 Pa, which exceeds 107 times p0 = 2 * 10-5 Pa. Continue reading

Musical ear: myths and reality
Musical hearing is a combination of abilities necessary for composing, performing and actively perceiving music. Musical hearing implies a high subtlety of perception of both individual musical elements or qualities…

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What is maximizer and why
Maximizer (digital peak limiter) is a dynamic processing device that increases the level of the audio signal during mastering. Sometimes other types of devices are called maximizers, for example, psychoacoustic…

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What is maximizer and why
Maximizer (digital peak limiter) is a dynamic processing device that increases the level of the audio signal during mastering. Sometimes other types of devices are called maximizers, for example, psychoacoustic…

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About mechanical sound recording
A mechanical sound recording is based on cutting (or extruding) grooves in the material of a recording medium using a sound recording device — a recorder. When playing along the…

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